Some Facts You May Not Know

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Black is for the strength and creativity of our people

Gold is for the natural wealth of our island, and the beauty of sunlight

Green is for hope and our agricultural resources

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The Jamaican flag has 3 colours, green, black and gold. Black stands for hardships overcome and to be faced; Gold, for natural wealth and beauty of sunlight; and Green stands for hope and agricultural resources.

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Location

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Beaches in Jamaica

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All of our all-inclusive Jamaica Resorts have excellent beaches. In many cases these beaches are actually public beaches, although the resorts try to control access to them. In addition, you can explore over 50 public beaches around the island, the most famous being Negril and Doctor’s Cave Beach in Montego Bay.

Most of our beaches in Jamaica have white sand, but on the south coast a few have black sand. Click here to discover more about Jamaica’s beaches

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Background

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For centuries Jamaica’s riches and resources have been, and still are being, plundered and squandered by many … for greed and personal gain.

The Tainos, who came from South America over 1000 years BC, are considered to be our original inhabitants. They spoke the Arawak language and called the island Xaymaca … land of wood and water.

Then In 1494, plundering Spanish invaders, led by an Italian, Cristoforo Colombo, “discovered” her, as European history likes to record it. This was the beginning of the end for our Taino population in Jamaica.

Some survived in the hills of central Jamaica, and joined with the Maroons, runaway slaves who thrashed the British Army, and got their independence and sovereign rights to the lands they still hold today.

These Spanish invaders, landed in what we now call Discovery Bay, and called the island Santiago.

In 1665, the British captured her from the Spanish, and she has since been known as Jamaica, often mis-spelt … Jaimaca, Jamaca, Jamaic, Jamajca, Jameica, Jamicia, Jamica, Jamacia, Jamiaca, Jaimaica … but “No Problem Mon” still Jamaica.

In 1962 Jamaica gained her independence from Britain, but has remained a part of the British Commonwealth, and maintains the Queen as Head of State.

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Climate

[read more=”Click here to Read More” less=”Read Less”]  Jamaica’s climate is tropical, with variations depending on elevation. The average coastal temperature is 27°C (80°F), with trade winds that temper the heat and humidity. Average plateau and mountain area temperatures are 22°C (72°F), and much cooler in the highest areas. Annual rainfall varies by region; in Kingston, the average is 810 mm (32 in). May, June, October, and November comprise the rainy season. In late summer hurricanes and tropical storms are common. [/read]

Jamaica Flora and Fauna

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Jamaica is a Nature Lovers Paradise … we have many indigenous species of tree, plant, flower, bird, insect, butterfly, bat, frog, lizard, snake and reptile.
You can explore our many botanical gardens, or there are several bird watching sanctuaries around Jamaica, and there are bird watching expeditions into the Cockpit country and the Blue and John Crow Mountain National park.

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Jamaican Parishes and Counties

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Jamaica is divided into three counties, named after English counties, but they have no real significance.

The western county, Cornwall, is divided into five parishes … Trelawny, St James, Hanover, Westmoreland and St Elizabeth.

The central county, Middlesex, is divided into another five parishes … St Mary, St Ann, Manchester, Clarendon and St Catherine.
The Eastern county, Surrey, is divided into four parishes … Portland, St Andrew, Kingston and St Thomas, but the boundaries between Kingston and St Andrew are somewhat blurred because the city of Kingston spreads itself into the parish of St Andrew, and they are both administered by the Kingston and St Andrew Corporation.

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Ethnic Groups

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  • Black 91.2%
  • Mixed 6.2%
  • other or unknown 2.6% (2001 census)

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Religions

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  • Starting from way back when the Spanish invaded Jamaica in 1494 Jews have been coming to and settling in Jamaica. Now they are an integral part of Jamaican life, and I think you will find it hard to find a Jamaican family that doesn’t have Jewish connections somewhere.Many, if not the majority, of Jamaica’s largest businesses are Jewish in origin.

    Ainsley Henriques’ well presented video of the history of Jews in Jamaica is extremely interesting, and well worth 14 minutes of your time.

     JEWS OF JAMAICA  

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Jamaica’s National Symbols
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Coat of Arms

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National Tree

The Blue Mahoe with blue streaks in the wood An ornamental tree with one of the hardest woods known

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 National Flower

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National Fruit
The Ackee

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National Bird
The Doctor Bird

An endemic species of Hummingbird
The Red Billed Streamertail
called the “Doctor Bird” in Jamaica

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Photo Courtesy of
Tamika Williams

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Jamaican Culture

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Considering how small our island is, Jamaica’s rich culture seems to have invaded the world. Small we may be, but our cultural influence has been immense, so when you visit Jamaica please explore our island and absorb some of our Jamaican culture.

Our music and musicians are everywhere, and are influencing modern music worldwide, our Jamaican authors and their literature are well established internationally, Jamaican art can be found in all corners of the world, and our locally produced films have become worldwide classics.
Where can you not get Jamaican jerk pork and other Jamaican cuisine? Our foods are now in all the big supermarkets in most of the major countries.

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Population

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Economic Climate

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Being in the hurricane belt Jamaica gets ravaged by hurricanes and torrential rains every few years, but generally we have a pleasant tropical and sunny climate

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